Bio-Medical Waste

Bio-medical waste means any waste, which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological or in health camps. Bio Medical waste includes all the waste generated from the Health Care Facility which can have any adverse effect to the health of a person or to the environment in general if not disposed properly. All such waste which can adversely harm the environment or health of a person is considered as infectious and such waste has to be managed as per BMWM Rules, 2016.

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 6, 8 and 25 of the Environment  (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), and in supersession of the Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998, the Central Government hereby makes the Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules follows, namely:- 

The Bio Medical Waste Management Rules 2016

The Bio Medical Waste Management (Amendment) Rules 2018

The Bio Medical Waste Management (Amendment) Rules 2019

Bio-medical wastes (BMW) are generated from health care activities and have the potential to spread diseases. The Board regulates BMW as per the provisions of the Bio-medical Wastes Management Rules, 2016, which have laid down norms for storage, treatment and disposal of BMWs. 

Salient Features of the BMW Rules:

  • All health care establishments (HCEs) generating and handling BMWs are required to obtain Authorisation from the WBPCB. The authorisation is one time for non-bedded occupiers. Pl see the page “Biomedical Waste Authorisation” for details on authorisation requirements and procedures.
  • In addition to obtaining authorization, all HCEs coming under the purview of the rules are required to submit Annual Returns on bio-medical waste generation and disposal to the State Board within 30th June every year as per Form IV of the Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016. 
  • As per the provision of the rules it is mandatory for all HCEs to treat BMWs generated by them either on their own or through some authorized Common BMW Treatment Facility (CBWTF). 

How to segregate waste in Non-Chlorinated Bags

Colour of the Bags
Types of BMWs
Disposable contaminated waste which can be recyclable – will be disposed by autoclaving treatment followed by shredding, Tubing, Bottles, Intravenous tubes and sets, Catheters, Urine bags, Syringes (without needles and fixed needle syringes), Vaccutainers with their needles cut and gloves
Human anatomical wastes, Body parts / tissues etc., Cotton dressings, Plaster, Casts, Gauze pieces, Antibiotics and other drugs, Microbiology waste, Culture devices, Stocks or specimen, Microorganisms, Discarded linens, mattresses, dressings soiled with blood or body fluids, routine masks and gown
Blue Puncture proof or leak proof Container
Glassware – broken, Contaminated glass, Medicine Vials, Ampoules etc.
White Puncture Proof Container
White (Translucent) – Waste sharps including metals – packed in puncture proof containers, Needles, Syringes with fixed needles, Scalpels, Blades, Lancet, Suture needle, Aluminum foil, Any contaminated sharp object causing puncture/cuts, Handed over to Waste Agency, when 2/3 full
Chemical/Liquid Waste
Liquid waste: To be treated with 1 to 2 % Hypochlorite or to have an ETP, Floor washing etc should be pre-treated onsite using 1 - 2% Sodium Hypochlorite or connected to ETP

Common Bio-medical Waste Treatment Facilities (CBWTFs)

There are six BMW Treatment facilities (CBWTFs) in the state which are in operation and one such new facility has been set up in Hooghly District, will be functional shortly .

The Department of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of West Bengal has been planning to set up another six facilities i.e. total thirteen CBWTEFs will be in the state of West Bengal to cater the entire BMWs generated in the state .The said operational facilities are:

Sl. No.
Name & address of the facility
Office address and contact no.
Greentech Environ Management Pvt. Ltd. Amratala Dhamua Road, P. O- Chakparan Kantakhali, P. S- Mograhat, Dist.- 24 Parganas (S), PIN- 743503
Shyam Vatika, 397/1/1, Dakshindari Road, Shreebhumi, Kolkata- 700048 Ph. No. 2534-3649
Greenzen Bio Pvt. Ltd. Binnaguri, Fulbari, Bhaktinagar, Dist.- Jalpaiguri
Arati Bhawan, Ground Floor, 7, Sreema Sarani, Haiderpara, Siliguri-6, Dist- Darjeeling Ph. No.- 0353-2595575
Arati Bhawan, Ground Floor, 7, Sreema Sarani, Haiderpara, Siliguri-6, Dist- Darjeeling Ph. No.- 0353-2595575
‘F’, Road, Belgachia, Dist.- Howrah, PIN- 711105 Ph. No.- 2651-3890/6207
Medicare Environmental Management Pvt. Ltd. KIGC, Phase III, Kalyani, Dist.- Nadia
‘F’, Road, Belgachia, Dist.- Howrah, PIN- 711105 Ph. No.- 2651-3890/6207
Medicare Environmental Management Pvt. Ltd. Mangalpur, Raniganj, Dist.- Burdwan
‘F’, Road, Belgachia, Dist.- Howrah, PIN- 711105 Ph. No.- 2651-3890/6207
West Bengal Waste Management Pvt. Ltd. Sutahata, Haldia, Dist.- Purba Medinipur
Jindal Towers, Block- A, 4th Floor, 21/1A/3, Darga Road, Kolkata- 700017 Ph. No.- 2289-3088/2527

All the six facilities have autoclaves, shredders and incinerators for treatment of the bio-medical wastes. The operators collect BMWs (segregated into incinerable and autoclavable) from their member HCEs and transport the wastes to their treatment and disposal facilities. All CBWTF operators are required to submit Annual Reports to the Board.

The Board inspects various HCEs and CBWTFs and issues directions to defaulters. The Board also compiles the Annual Reports submitted by the HCEs and CBWTFs and submits the consolidated report to the Central Pollution Control Board.

For further information and guidelines on bio-medical waste management please visit CPCB webpage

Format for Submission of Annual Report on BMW        

Guidelines prepared by National Productivity Council (NPC) on BMW